Region of Origin
- Floral motif arranged in a concentric pattern like an abundant landscaped garden
- A geometric, stylized arch that symbolizes a gateway to paradise
Hereke, east of Istanbul, is the most renowned carpetmaking town in Turkey. Hereke carpets are also known as "palace carpets" since this is the town where sultans would source rugs for their palaces. Hereke rugs feature classic Persian motifs in fine knot density, and are composed mostly of wool but sometimes made of Bursa silk as well. In recent years the region was decimated by earthquakes, which destroyed the rugmaking tradition and business in the area. Now it is a dead art form and what remains are the carpets still in circulation. These rugs continue to increase in value and remain the most desired pieces among collectors.
Wool is the most popular fiber used in Turkish rugs because it is supple, durable, and plentiful in supply. A cotton foundation is also a popular choice, used to tie the wool knots onto. Cotton is rigid and strong, providing a firm foundation that stands the test of time.